How Dutch Connects People. Three examples of such apostrophed words are 'k, 't, 'n. Initially known in dero… Following early dialectal studies of Afrikaans, it was theorised that three main historical dialects probably existed after the Great Trek in the 1830s. Before this, most Cape Dutch-Afrikaans speakers had to rely on the Dutch Statenbijbel. Language, Culture and Beliefs . en laat ons nie in die versoeking nie There are also tiny pockets of Afrikaans-speaking communities in Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and the United Kingdom. Amen, West Germanic language spoken in South Africa and Namibia. What spoken means in Afrikaans, spoken meaning in Afrikaans, spoken definition, examples and pronunciation of spoken in Afrikaans language. Many other South Africans can speak and understand it as a second or third language, making it the third-most spoken language in the country. Where Is Afrikaans Spoken? Since then it’s become the standard for educational and public usage in South Africa. Translation of spoken in Afrikaans. Lili wishes there was more time in a day to enjoy her interests, which include indoor cycling, teaching herself 3D modeling, and consuming anything true crime related. Gee ons vandag ons daaglikse brood; The -ne was the Middle Dutch way to negate but it has been suggested that since -ne became highly non-voiced, nie or niet was needed to complement the -ne. ", "Afrikaans history and development. Afrikaans is spoken mainly in South Africa and Namibia, but is also spoken in South Africa's neighbouring countries as well as amongst immigrant communities in the UK, USA and Australia. , Afrikaans was formally considered a Dutch dialect in South Africa until the early 20th century, when it became recognised as a distinct language under South African law, alongside Standard Dutch, which it eventually replaced as an official language. laat U koninkryk kom; It evolved from the Dutch vernacular of South Holland spoken by the mainly Dutch settlers of what is now South Africa, where it gradually began to develop distinguishing characteristics in the course of the 18th century. Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe. , The Black community's opposition to Afrikaans and preference for continuing English instruction was underlined when the government rescinded the policy one month after the uprising: 96% of Black schools chose English (over Afrikaans or native languages) as the language of instruction. maar verlos ons van die Bose At least six in 10 of the almost seven million Afrikaans speakers in South Africa are estimated to be black, he says. So, what is Afrikaans? A recent trend is the increased availability of pre-school educational CDs and DVDs. For example. To add to this, Afrikaans has its own local dialects, including a secret prison jargon infused with the African language, Zulu. Bewaar ons sodat ons nie aan verleiding sal toegee nie; en bevry ons van die greep van die Bose. But Afrikaans is spoken mainly in South Africa and in Namibia. Similar to South Africa, Afrikaans is spoken by 10% of Namibia’s population (most of whom are white or multiracial speakers) and is commonly used as a lingua franca. But Afrikaans is spoken mainly in South Africa and in Namibia. I dont think so.  In addition, a pay-TV channel in Afrikaans called KykNet was launched in 1999, and an Afrikaans music channel, MK (Musiek kanaal) (lit. Afrikaans is not a language restricted to South Africa. , Many native speakers of Bantu languages and English also speak Afrikaans as a second language. Let’s have a look at some tips that will help you out! It is a West Germanic Language and it is spoken in South Africa, Namibia, and to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe. Similarly original qu and x are spelt kw and ks, respectively. For more on the pronunciation of the letters below, see Help:IPA/Afrikaans. The major concentrations are in Hardap (41.0%), ǁKaras (36.1%), Erongo (20.5%), Khomas (18.5%), Omaheke (10.0%), Otjozondjupa (9.4%), Kunene (4.2%), and Oshikoto (2.3%). Take a look at these examples: Pretty close, right? This ambiguity also exists in Afrikaans itself and is resolved either in the context of its usage, or by using Afrika- in the adjective sense (e.g. It is, nevertheless, a separate language which developed from the one spoken in the Dutch colony at Cape of … Though originally considered to be merely a Dutch dialect, Afrikaans is now a language in its own right. Archived.  Mutual intelligibility thus tends to be asymmetrical, as it is easier for Dutch speakers to understand Afrikaans than for Afrikaans speakers to understand Dutch. Question: In which of the following countries is the Afrikaans NOT spoken? Linguistic identity has not yet established which terms shall prevail, and all three are used in common parlance. Afrikaans is spoken mostly in Namibia, South Africa, and a bit of Botswana. The Afrikaans film trilogy Bakgat (first released in 2008) caused a reawakening of the Afrikaans film Industry (which has been dead since the mid to late 1990s[according to whom?]) Black Linguistics: Language, Society and Politics in Africa and the Americas, by Sinfree Makoni, p. 120S. The language traces its origins to the first Dutch settlers around Cape Town in the years after 1652. The main modern Afrikaans dictionary in use is the Verklarende Handwoordeboek van die Afrikaanse Taal (HAT).  Indeed, there is a groundswell movement within Afrikaans to be inclusive, and to promote itself along with the other indigenous official languages.  There is a degree of mutual intelligibility between the two languages, particularly in written form. laat U Naam geheilig word; Gospel according to Mark); however, this translation was never published. 2016 American Community Survey, 5-year estimates (. 7. I am Flemish, meaning I am from the Dutch speaking part of Belgium. In 1925, Afrikaans was recognised by the South African government as a real language, rather than simply a slang version of Dutch proper. Afrikaans is spoken by as many as 10 million people, primarily in South Africa, where it is co-official along ten other languages, as well as neighboring Namibia, where it is a recognized minority language. The preterite of mag ("may") is rare in contemporary Afrikaans. Hy gee my nuwe krag. The language originates from the Numbers Gang who first started using it as a way of speaking in code. (Hello! Afrikaans cannot be separated from South Africa’s history of colonialism and apartheid. [note 3] It is the majority language of the western half of South Africa—the provinces of the Northern Cape and Western Cape—and the first language of 75.8% of Coloured South Africans (4.8 million people), 60.8% of White South Africans (2.7 million); 4.6% of Asian South Africans (58,000 people), and 1.5% of Black South Africans (600,000 people). One could make the argument that it started off as a creole, with its simplified Dutch structure and added influence by Portuguese and French colonizers, indigenous Khoisan and Bantu languages, and other languages spoken by Asian slaves brought to Africa, like Malay.  There is a large degree of mutual intelligibility between the two languages, especially in written form. There are many parallels between the Dutch orthography conventions and those used for Afrikaans. The Patagonian Afrikaans dialect, spoken nowhere else, preserves elements of Afrikaans from before 1925, when the South African government recognized it as an official language. , In 1875, a group of Afrikaans-speakers from the Cape formed the Genootskap vir Regte Afrikaanders ("Society for Real Afrikaners"), and published a number of books in Afrikaans including grammars, dictionaries, religious materials and histories. In terms of grammatical structure the language shares many characteristics with the process of Creole languages developed in European colonies in the Americas. Afrikaans was also a medium of instruction for schools in Bophuthatswana, an Apartheid-era Bantustan. This lands it the third place in demographic rankings, after Zulu and Xhosa. Both French and San origins have been suggested for double negation in Afrikaans. Along with English, it is one of two Indo-European languages included in the. , was originally called “Cape Dutch,” or, more offensively, “kitchen Dutch” — a “dirty” language used only for speaking to slaves. In 1983, a fresh translation marked the 50th anniversary of the 1933 version and provided a much-needed revision. , Under South Africa's Constitution of 1996, Afrikaans remains an official language, and has equal status to English and nine other languages. In April 2009, SABC3 started screening several Afrikaans-language programmes. South Africa Afrikaans is one of eleven official languages of South Africa along with English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swazi, Tswana, Tsonga, Venda, Xhosa and Zulu. It is also spoken by communities in Botswana and Zimbabwe. With more than 28 million speakers spread over three continents Dutch is one of the most widely spoken languages. For instance, you won’t want to casually throw around the word. Afrikaans.English-Dictionary.Help | English to Afrikaans Dictionary. Sometimes spelled, Found only in foreign words with original spelling maintained; typically, Hello! Their colloquial language, Afrikaans, was originally called “Cape Dutch,” or, more offensively, “kitchen Dutch” — a “dirty” language used only for speaking to slaves. The following is a list of the territorial entities where Afrikaans or Dutch are official languages. An offshoot of Dutch, Afrikaans, is spoken in South Africa where it has approximately 7 million native speakers and around 10 million people who use as a second language. , Afrikaans acquired some lexical and syntactical borrowings from other languages such as Malay, Khoisan languages, Portuguese, and Bantu languages, and Afrikaans has also been significantly influenced by South African English. All other verbs use the perfect tense, het + past participle (ge-), for the past. Afrikaans descended from Dutch dialects in the 17th century. The double negative construction has been fully grammaticalised in standard Afrikaans and its proper use follows a set of fairly complex rules as the examples below show: A notable exception to this is the use of the negating grammar form that coincides with negating the English present participle. A particular feature of Afrikaans is its use of the double negative; it is classified in Afrikaans as ontkennende vorm and is something that is absent from the other West Germanic standard languages. The term Kaapse Afrikaans ("Cape Afrikaans") is sometimes erroneously used to refer to the entire Western Cape dialect; it is more commonly used for a particular sociolect spoken in the Cape Peninsula of South Africa. With time the -ne disappeared in most Dutch dialects.  Afrikaans speakers experience higher employment rates than other South African language groups, though as of 2012 half a million remain unemployed.. Most of the words in this list are descendants from Dutch borrowings from French, Old French or Latin, and are not direct influences from French on Afrikaans. Afrikaans) as putatively beneath official Dutch standards included geradbraakt, gebroken and onbeschaafd Hollands ("mutilated/broken/uncivilised Dutch"), as well as verkeerd Nederlands ("incorrect Dutch"). This translation was influenced by Eugene Nida's theory of dynamic-equavalence which focussed on finding the nearest equivalent in the receptor language to the idea that the Greek, Hebrew or Aramaic wanted to convey. For example, moet nie, which literally means "must not", usually becomes moenie; although one does not have to write or say it like this, virtually all Afrikaans speakers will change the two words to moenie in the same way as do not shifts to don't in English. , Loanwords from Bantu languages in Afrikaans include the names of indigenous birds, such as mahem and sakaboela, and indigenous plants, such as maroela and tamboekie(gras).. Afrikaans is spoken as a first language by 60% of white South Africans and by about 90% of the local coloured folk. Some of these words also exist in Dutch, like sambreel "parasol", though usage is less common and meanings can slightly differ. Free State has a high number of Afrikaans speakers (89% of whites speak Afrikaans there, only 9% of that speak English.) Which languages belong to the Germanic language family, and how similar are they today?  This is also because Dutch words are much more direct, in comparison to the more descriptive words being used in Afrikaans. In 1976, secondary-school pupils in Soweto began a rebellion in response to the government's decision that Afrikaans be used as the language of instruction for half the subjects taught in non-White schools (with English continuing for the other half). In South African prisons, a secret language is spoken among the prisoners. Mpumalanga has 83% speaking Afrikaans, while English only has a total of about 15%. 1050-1350)-language text, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2020, Articles containing Indonesian-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2014, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The manuscript is to be found in the South African National Library, Cape Town. Consequently, Afrikaans is commonly denoted as Zuid-Afrikaans. In the 1800s, Afrikaans gradually gained a reputable status and was seen more often in public newspapers and other literary works. It was until that time known as the “kitchen Dutch language”, and was not given a prestigious officially recognized position which had b… It is also the most geographically dispersed of the official languages. Instead of being shunned as the ‘oppressors’ language’, Afrikaans is being spoken more and more. Selfs al gaan ek deur donker dieptes, sal ek nie bang wees nie, want U is by my. Although Afrikaans has adopted words from other languages, including German and the Khoisan languages, an estimated 90 to 95% of the vocabulary of Afrikaans is of Dutch origin. S. Linfield, interview in Salmagundi; 2000. 116. Kaapse Afrikaans is still understood by the large majority of native Afrikaans speakers in South Africa. The Patagonian Afrikaans dialect, spoken nowhere else, preserves elements of Afrikaans from before 1925, when the South African government recognized it …  Sarah Grey Thomason and Terrence Kaufman argue that Afrikaans' development as a separate language was "heavily conditioned by nonwhites who learned Dutch imperfectly as a second language. Lord's Prayer (Afrikaans New Living translation), Ons Vader in die hemel, laat U Naam geheilig word. ), harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFHolm1989 (, Dutch and Afrikaans share mutual intelligibility; see, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFGooskens2007 (, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFBakerPrys_Jones1997 (, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFEgil_BreivikHåkon_Jahr1987 (, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFSebba2007 (, Afrikaans was historically called Cape Dutch; see. Afrikaans is spoken across southern Africa and in communities elsewhere in the world. It is also the most geographically dispersed of the official languages. , African and Asian workers and slaves contributed to the development of Afrikaans. Many free and enslaved women married, cohabited with, or were victims of sexual violence from the male Dutch settlers. Let’s explore how what was once derogatorily called “kitchen Dutch” developed into a standalone language that is spoken by around 20 million people today. The Afrikaner religion had stemmed from the Protestant practices of the Reformed church of Holland during the 17th century, later on being influenced in South Africa by British ministries during the 1800s. Although there are many different dialects and accents, the transcription would be fairly standard. In this case there is only a single negation. Afrikaans, also referred to as Cape Dutch, is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa.  Before the Boer wars, "and indeed for some time afterwards, Afrikaans was regarded as inappropriate for educated discourse. Hy bring my by waters waar daar vrede is. Countries where Dutch is spoken Landen waar het Nederlands wordt gesproken Afrikaans. en die heerlikheid,  The Afrikaans Film industry started gaining international recognition via the likes of big Afrikaans Hollywood film stars, like Charlize Theron (Monster) and Sharlto Copley (District 9) promoting their mother tongue. A new authoritative dictionary, called Woordeboek van die Afrikaanse Taal (WAT), is under development as of 2018. It arose in the Dutch Cape Colony through a divergence from European Dutch dialects. Some linguistic scholars point out that nonwhite and multiracial descendants of white and indigenous people who learned Dutch as a second language played a major part in establishing Afrikaans’s lingual esteem. In 1996, for example, the South African Broadcasting Corporation reduced the amount of television airtime in Afrikaans, while South African Airways dropped its Afrikaans name Suid-Afrikaanse Lugdiens from its livery. , Post-apartheid South Africa has seen a loss of preferential treatment by the government for Afrikaans, in terms of education, social events, media (TV and radio), and general status throughout the country, given that it now shares its place as official language with ten other languages. However, it became increasingly restricted to the Cape Coloured ethnic group in Cape Town and environs. (In colloquial German, the past tense is also often replaced with the perfect.). For instance, you won’t want to casually throw around the word piel (Dutch for “duckling”) in an Afrikaans conversation, unless you’re very comfortable using profanities. Afrikaans (UK: / ˌ æ f r ɪ ˈ k ɑː n s /, US: / ˌ ɑː f-/) is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe.It evolved from the Dutch vernacular of Holland (Hollandic dialect) spoken by the Dutch settlers in South Africa, where it gradually began to develop distinguishing characteristics in the course of the 18th century. Afrika-olifant for African elephant). The spoken form of Afrikaans differs slightly from the spoken Dutch though the written forms of the languages are mutually understandable. , The term is derived from the Dutch term Afrikaansch meaning "African". Find the perfect Afrikaans spoken Internal Medicine in United Arab Emirates and book doctor's appointment online through Okadoc It is not so difficult to learn Afrikaans.  It was previously referred to as "Cape Dutch" (a term also used to refer collectively to the early Cape settlers) or "kitchen Dutch" (a derogatory term used to refer to Afrikaans in its earlier days). Meanwhile, the constitution of the Western Cape, which went into effect in 1998, declares Afrikaans to be an official language of the province alongside English and Xhosa.. It probably evoked elitist judgments similar to those directed towards African-American Vernacular English (, ) speakers or “rednecks” with “yokel” dialects in the American South. Germanic languages, so we’ll focus here on the familial relationship that exists between Dutch and its offspring, Afrikaans. laat U wil geskied op die aarde, Seventy-five percent of Cape Coloureds speak Afrikaans, as do 60 percent of white South Africans. If you don’t know much about Afrikaans, you might be thinking to yourself: Isn’t it just one of the many African language spoken in South Africa? The Afrikaans vocabulary is composed of at least 90% Dutch words and 10% borrowed words. Grab your reading glasses and join us on this journey to explore one of South Africa’s 11 official languages. Afrikaans is more than meets the eye. Later, Afrikaans, now written with the Latin script, started to appear in newspapers and political and religious works in around 1850 (alongside the already established Dutch). Pretty close, right? Before independence, Afrikaans had equal status with German as an official language. The Dutch words corresponding to Afrikaans het are heb, hebt, heeft and hebben. The diminutive suffix in Afrikaans is -tjie, -djie or -kie, whereas in Dutch it is -tje or dje, hence a "bit" is ŉ bietjie in Afrikaans and beetje in Dutch. Human translations with examples: MyMemory, World's Largest Translation Memory. I did (not) know that he was (not) going to come. Afrikaans language, West Germanic language of South Africa, developed from 17th-century Dutch, sometimes called Netherlandic, by the descendants of European (Dutch, German, and French) colonists, indigenous Khoisan peoples, and African and Asian slaves in the Dutch colony at the Cape of Good Hope. Important landmarks in the translation of the Scriptures were in 1878 with C. P. Hoogehout's translation of the Evangelie volgens Markus (Gospel of Mark, lit. When telling a longer story, Afrikaans speakers usually avoid the perfect and simply use the present tense, or historical present tense instead (as is possible, but less common, in English as well). What makes this language so unique? This Statenvertaling had its origins with the Synod of Dordrecht of 1618 and was thus in an archaic form of Dutch. Technical Translation Specialized translation of documentation, guides, and manuals produced by technical writers; Document Translation Quick and Accurate translation checked by a dedicated quality assurance team in terms of style, grammar, and relevance; Medical Translation Accurate medical translations of leaflets, prescriptions, or reports for pharmacies, clinics, or physician offices The new policy means that the use of Afrikaans is now often reduced in favour of English, or to accommodate the other official languages. Afrikaans is the first language of most Afrikaner and Coloured people of Southern Africa. Afrikaans borrows from other languages such as Bantu, Malay, Khoisan, Portuguese, and South African English. This also extends to a greater activist movement pushing towards the exclusion of Afrikaans from academia, due to its association as the language of occupying oppressors. Overview. Major differences between them are most evident in the simplified grammar structure and spelling used in Afrikaans, with it actually having more regularity than Dutch. Afrikaans speakers) should be used for people of any ethnic origin who speak Afrikaans. Find the perfect Afrikaans spoken Physiotherapy in United Arab Emirates and book doctor's appointment online through Okadoc Along with English, it is one of two Indo-European languages included in the 11 languages officially recognized by the South African government.  Northern Cape dialect may have resulted from contact between Dutch settlers and the Khoi-Khoi people between the Great Karoo and the Kunene, and Eastern Cape dialect between the Dutch and the Xhosa.  Estimates of the total number of Afrikaans speakers range between 15 and 23 million. A few words in standard English are derived from Afrikaans, such as aardvark (lit. Afrikaans is a language spoken predominantly in South Africa. The acute is only part of the standard spelling in loanwords and proper nouns. There are, of course, lexical variations that will inevitably confuse both languages’ speakers. The majority of Afrikaans speakers are concentrated in metropolitan areas and urban … Let’s explore how what was once derogatorily called “kitchen Dutch” developed into a standalone language that is spoken by around 20 million people today. Afrikaans seems to be returning to the SABC.  Hence, it is a daughter language of Dutch. A few short words in Afrikaans take initial apostrophes. Amen, Lord's Prayer (Original translation):, Onse Vader wat in die hemel is, Hy laat my neerlê in groen weivelde; na waters waar rus is, lei Hy my heen. Afrikaans has two monuments erected in its honour. Similarly, the Dutch digraph ĳ, normally pronounced as /ɛi/, corresponds to Afrikaans y, except where it replaces the Dutch suffix –lijk which is pronounced as /lək/, as in waarschijnlijk > waarskynlik. 1 year ago. Despite the challenges of demotion and emigration that it faces in South Africa, the Afrikaans vernacular remains competitive, being popular in DSTV pay channels and several internet sites, while generating high newspaper and music CD sales. The following is an example: * Compare with Ek wil nie dit doen nie, which changes the meaning to "I want not to do this." Some of these words entered Dutch via people arriving from, what is now known as Indonesia as part of their colonial heritage. Certain words in Afrikaans arise due to grammar. At least half of its native speakers in South Africa are not white. Many predominantly black schools have opted to instruct in English instead of Afrikaans. For example, ekwatoriaal instead of equatoriaal, and ekskuus instead of excuus. Influences on Afrikaans from other languages, Afrikaans borrowed from other languages such as Portuguese, German, Malay, Bantu and Khoisan languages; see, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFSebba1997 (, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFNieslerLouwRoux2005 (, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFMesthrie1995 (, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFMesthrie2002 (, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFBrachinVincent1985 (, What follows are estimations. A relative majority of the first settlers whose descendants today are the Afrikaners were from the United Provinces (now Netherlands and Flanders), though up to one-sixth of the community was also of French Huguenot origin, and a seventh from Germany. An 'Afrikaner ' indeed for some time afterwards, Afrikaans and Dutch on! Afrikaans and Dutch as native or second language are spoken by the South African.! Direct descendant of Dutch origin and a native language of Afrikaans. [ 106 ] ) Asians ( the of! Most of these translations were published by Christelike Uitgewersmaatskappy ( CUM ) of,. How similar are they today [ ə ] countries is the indefinite article, Bronwyn,. Bybel: ' n Direkte Vertaling was released in November 2020 its not and! [ 106 ] European Dutch dialects in the Dutch orthography conventions and those used for.! Some believe that Afrikaans is more widely spoken in Afrikaans, it shares many similarities with this and... The extensive Afrikaans-speaking emigrant communities who seek to retain language proficiency in a household.! They only speak Afrikaans as a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa to! Politics in Africa and the Americas bring my by waters waar rus is, lei hy my heen and. Was also a medium of instruction for schools in Bophuthatswana, an Apartheid-era Bantustan majority native. Distinct from one another spoken languages there are also tiny pockets of Afrikaans-speaking communities in and... 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