Spartina alterniflora.jpg 1,502 × 966; 437 KB The book of grasses - an illustrated guide to the common grasses, and the most common of the rushes and sedges (1912) (14783466823).jpg 2,114 × … Our team has become especially well-acquainted with this grass, known by most as Spartina alterniflora, as we have visited hundreds of tidal wetland sites over the years. Oliver FW, 1925. Spartina alterniflora: Scientific name Spartina alterniflora: Additional name information: Loisel. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. To see a detailed map, click here. and Labr. ITIS TSN: 41267 (click on the taxonomic serial number to view the ITIS web page) Habitats: Salinity Zone: Brackish water, Salinity Zone: Marine: GCE Contact: Steven C. Pennings, University of … NWCB, 2005. Spartina alterniflora var. Leaf: basal and cauline; sheath open, > internodes, glabrous, margin of sheath opening sometimes with long, shaggy hairs; ligule a fringe of hairs, 0.5--2 mm; blade flat … Common Name: SALTMARSH CORDGRASS; SMOOTH CORDGRASS: Plant Notes: As part of the genus Sporobolus, this taxon takes the name Sporobolus alterniflorus. Scientific Name. This was the case for Peterson et al., who published their research in 2014 in the journal TAXON. Culms to 250 cm tall, (0.3)5-15(20) mm thick, erect, solitary or in small clumps, succulent, glabrous, having an unpleasant, sulphurous odor when fresh. But don’t let the common name fool you, marsh grass or smooth cord grass is not like the species we use in our front yards. Home > Plant Directory > Spartina alterniflora. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. Spartina alterniflora FAMILY Poaceae. From DNA analyses, it seems that the genus Spartina and the genus Sporobolus shared a common ancestor more recently than previously suspected. Also found on the west coast from Washington to California. Cordgrass, common (Spartina anglica), dense-flowered (Spartina densiflora), saltmeadow (Spartina patens), and smooth (Spartina alterniflora) glyphosate (Rodeo and others) Rate 2 to 3.75 lb ae/a broadcast, 2% to 5% solution through hand-held equipment, or 33% solution with wiper applicators. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. However, more recent studies increasingly use advanced technology to classify groups based on DNA sequences. IPCN. It is adapted to near shore habitats including salt marshes, mudflats and estuarine margins. Tropicos. Facebook  Twitter  Instagram  Pinterest  YouTube  RSS Feed, Written on: December 5th, 2019 in Outreach. Habitat Salt marshes smooth cordgrass. Spartina alterniflora is found on muddy banks, usually of the intertidal zone, in eastern North and South America, but it is not known from Central America. The State Noxious Weed Control Board, USA. Personal Income Tax List of arthropod species recorded during the nitrogen manipulation experiment. Trachynotia alterniflora Steud. Common Name: smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass: Authority: Loisel. alterni-flora (Loiseleur) St.-Yves; S. stricta Roth var. salt-water cordgrass in language. Help Center Such molecular studies can clarify, and sometimes refute, older proposed classifications. Common names: Smooth cordgrass Spartine alterniflore Synonyms: Spartina alterniflora var. Corporations Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp. Spartina alterniflora commonly known as smooth cord grass is a species that inhabits marsh habitat in its native range, where introduced It is known to establish itself in wave-protected mud and sand flats and grow very quickly into dense impenetrable stands. A shorter form, 6 to 12 inches high, occurs in low-oxygen areas of the high marsh. Spartina alterniflora is in full bloom here along the Georgia coast. Vigorous and invasive Spartina species introduced from the eastern coast of North America. pilosa : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina alterniflora var. 2014. pilosa : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina alterniflora var. It out-competes many of the native species in these habitats and frequently invades mud flats and channels, converting them to marshlands. WSSA list of weeds in North America. Delaware's Governor Smooth Cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora)Alternate common name: Saltwater Cordgrass, Marsh Grass. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species hybrid.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Spartina maritima x alterniflora = S. x townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves Please see. Documentation: Spartina alterniflora is native to the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of North America, occurring from Newfoundland … Transparency Related Species: There are no native Spartina species in Alaska. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Synonymous scientific names none known. TAXON, 63: 1212-1243. Gross Receipts Tax Common Name: CORD GRASS. Smooth cordgrass came to Washington in the late 1800s, either in shipments of oysters […] Habit: Perennial herb, generally with rhizomes.Stem: erect, unbranched.Leaf: basal and cauline; sheath open, > internodes, glabrous, margin of sheath opening sometimes with long, shaggy hairs; ligule a fringe of hairs, 0.5--2 mm; blade flat to inrolled, long tapered, upper surface ridged.Inflorescence: panicle-like; each spike-like branch with 2 rows of overlapping spikelets on lower side of axis. BASIONYM: Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. ©MMXVIII Delaware.gov, The Official Blog of the Wetland Monitoring & Assessment Program. Weather & Travel, Contact Us Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. Spartina alterniflora var. According to the key S. Habitat Discussion: The Atlantic marsh fiddler crab is associated with both high and low salt marsh where short cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora, is abundant (Grimes et al. It is a perennial grass that spreads both vegetatively through underground rhizomes, as well as through seed. glabra Treatment appears in FNA Volume 25 . Smooth cordgrass + and Spartine alterniflore + Distribution. The name Spartina rings as a signature name in ecology and biology as well as across a striking range of stakeholders and disciplines, including history, literature, and anthropology. Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Spartina species. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Spartina alterniflora is considered a serious threat to coastal ecosystems in Washington and California. E-mail / Text Alerts PLANTS Characteristics Data Fields and Definitions for more than 100 Characteristics As a result, the genus Spartina was incorporated into the genus Sporobolus following a reclassification in 2014. 1989, Shields 1999). Journal of Ecology, 13:74-91. INCLUDING Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Spartina alterniflora + COMMON NAME: Saltmarsh Cordgrass, Smooth Cordgrass. Closely related California natives Spartina foliosa, S. gracilis. China. The rhizomes and scales of S. alterniflora have large air spaces, presumably an adaptation to the anaerobic soils of its usual habitat. Decaploid plants tend to be larger than octoploids, but they cannot be reliably distinguished without a chromosome count. S. alterniflora, along with other Spartina was initially seen by many coastal engineers as a species that could be used to create natural erosion control barriers.S. General Assembly State Regulations alterniflora (Loiseleur) A. From DNA analyses, it seems that the genus Spartina and the genus Sporobolus shared a common ancestor more recently than previously suspected. Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Normile, D. 2004. Overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Appearance: Tall, smooth grass. Spartina alterniflora Smooth Cordgrass . New World Grasses. Weakley’s flora makes the change from Spartina alterniflora to Sporobolus alterniflorus. Flower Info; Sightings; Share. Closely related California non-natives: 3. Spartina in New Zealand. Previously, Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp. ... Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Sporobolus alterniflorus, or synonymously known as Spartina alterniflora, the smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, or salt-water cordgrass, is a perennial deciduous grass which is found in intertidal wetlands, especially estuarine salt marshes. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. A molecular phylogeny and new subgeneric classification of Sporobolus (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Sporobolinae). It is not just our beloved Spartina alterniflora that has gotten a name change, though; all species that were before placed in the genus Spartina have now been reclassified to the genus Sporobolus. Description: Erect, rhizomatous, salt tolerant grasses. Details; Images (6) Synonyms (152) Accepted Names (1) References (39) ... Common Names: hu hua mi cao No References available … more defensible. glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Spartina alterniflora • Class A: Family Name: Gramineae Family (gram-IN-ay-ee) Common: Poaceae family, True Grasses : Genus: Spartina (spar-TEE-nuh) Meaning: From the Greek meaning a cord made from this grass: Species: alterniflora (al-tern-ih-FLOR-uh) Meaning: Alternating flowers However, those earlier studies did not have nearly as many plant samples as Peterson et al. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. Home > Name Search > Spartina alterniflora Loisel. J.M. Business First Steps, Phone Directory Preferred name: Spartina alterniflora ; Authority: Loiseleur ; Notes. 6% to 10% Common X 11% to 25% Fairly common Unknown Unknown 26% to 50% Uncommon > 50% Rare . It out-competes many of the native species in these habitats and frequently invades mud flats and channels, converting them to marshlands. Common name. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. Elected Officials Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." 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