In most situations this means the header runs 2 in. A: In most cases, I think it looks better to frame around the fireplace. Step 3: Cut out wood to extend the fireplace hearth. Fit the trim boards around the hearth frame like a picture frame. Before I install my first board in the picture frame, I like to cut (and groove) the partial board that will go next to it. Use a finish nailer to nail near the wall and in the tongue on the side of the board where it meets the picture frame (so you don't push the frame out of position). Here, I start with the board on the left. Position the mantel around the fireplace. Whatever the case, be sure to charge for the extra time it takes to create the picture frame. We picture-frame every fireplace we do. I want to make a larger mantle that fills the space between the front of the fireplace and the flue pipe at about eye level-- … Here, the hearth is 53 inches wide and the flooring is 5 inches wide, for a total of 63 inches. Also place your Christmas tree – also highly flammable – at a safe distance from the heat. New wood-burning fireplaces shall have gasketed doors and outdoor combustion air. We then cut a piece of 3/4 inch plywood to go around the tile and cover the rest of the brick. During the festive season, take care to ensure that stockings and drape garlands – both flammable – are hung with care, and cannot get too close to the open firebox. Groove and insert spline into the outer edge and miter of the board, adhering the spline with wood glue. If the floor is 2 1/4 you will need to measure out about 2 1/2 to allow for the tongue. A fireplace surround is a non-combustible material that goes between the fireplace and the mantel. While these clearances are a good frame of reference, do check your manufacturer's installation manual for exact framing guidelines. Other considerations for the front wall of the fireplace could be if you want to use masonry, stone, or brick. The floor can be framed out of two 2x4 knee walls with 3/4" OSB covering the floor. And if you have any questions or doubts, call a professional. Wood. Dry-fit the frame and verify the distance in front of the fireplace to the back of the board. I've installed the field almost up to the edge of the picture frame. Find the center of the fireplace and mark it on the subfloor. I used 1” x 4” pine wood around the tile and mitered it in the corners. Rout the mitered ends and glue in spline to create a tongue. Drop a chock line from one end of the room to the other across the front of the fireplace. You starter row will be the board that hits the front of the mantle. Tape thin plywood or cardboard to floor around hearth to protect floor from scratches and debris. The surround is more than an attractive frame for your fireplace. The following companies offer unfinished options to meet that demand, with wood ... See some of the latest machines available for the manufacturing of wood flooring. On this job, the builder decided at the last minute against using tile and left it up to me to fill in the space I had already picture-framed. They are available as full surrounds or just mantels shelves. I know of a couple of cases here in Georgia where a builder got an unexpected failure at final inspection because of this. Once that board is secured, you can nail in the last side piece of the picture frame. Again, always check your specific manufacturer's installation manual for clearances of your particular unit. Serving the Flooring, Woodworking & Moulding Industries Since 1930, Manufacturing the Finest Hardwood Products Since 1947. Akhurst Machinery ... Motors 101 & What Wood Flooring Pros Should Know, Part 1. In this case, it should measure 13 1/4 inches. Again it's important to note the height of the mantel in your design. Most fireplaces need some non-combustible material that surrounds the front of the fireplace. Here's how it appears in the energy code, with the exact language: 402.4 Air Leakage (Mandatory) 402.4.3 Fireplaces. This was going to become our mantle and surround. All combustible mantels and similar trim shall be kept at least 6 inches from fireplace openings. By Jenny Griffin Build the fireplace frame. You can use … Make the miter cuts for the long board in the front of the picture frame. Also take care to ensure that combustibles are not placed less than 28 inches from where the sidewall opens (again, specific model requirements vary, so consult installation manuals). Unfinished wood flooring makes up 72% of the flooring installed by contractors, according to the 2020 WFB State of the Industry Survey (wfbmag.co/soi20). Bringing out the best in hardwood floors. wood framing, drywall) touching the back and sides of the unit without fear of heat damage. When installing a fireplace, adhering to the proper clearance to combustibles is imperative, as placing a combustible material too close to the fireplace can result in a fire. Rack out the floor around the frame. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(131898, 'da0143d4-6316-45cf-a2ef-9f4e644efd1b', {}); Questions? From straight-lay strip to parquet, herringbone and more, these articles offer the 411 on wood floor installation. Step 3 Remove Old Hearth Photo by Brian Wilder. The base is first by necessity, next I frame the lower half of the fireplace surround up to the height of the mantel. Most often, the wood picture frame surrounds a tile hearth. Clearances vary by manufacturer and quality of materials used. Many homeowners are installing wood, gas, electric and pellet fireplace inserts instead of re-building a traditional fireplace. Glue the side board of the picture frame first, then glue the front piece. May 22, 2017 Here we used ipé for everything, but adding a contrasting species for the entire picture frame or as a feature strip is a great way to draw attention to the focal point. It's a barrier to protect your home from the heat, sparks and flame in the fire pit. All fireplaces must have a noncombustible hearth that extends 20” beyond the front of the firebox and 8” to either side. If I don't do that now, I'll have to struggle to slide it in later. Then nail the side board. We offer cast stone, limestone, and wood mantels. What Does ‘Baseline Moisture Content’ Mean? Codes vary, but a minimum 2-in. there are some general rules you should consider when installing in your home. For instance, in the case of FireRock Building Materials, the minimum clearance to combustibles and framing from the firebox and smoke chamber is 1 inch. Fireplaces must be properly installed with adequate clearances to avoid chemical decomposition caused by heat in a process known as pyrolysis. The need for the air space and outer fireplace jacket means that additional space will be needed to fit the appliance into your intended location.  |  Very basic job. If it's a good fit, glue the last side of the picture frame. When you get to the other side, you'll need to rip another board to fit. “Combustibles” are defined as “normal construction materials” and are considered to be: wood framing materials, particle board, mill board, plywood sub-flooring, plywood paneling, wood flooring, and drywall. Note: The PVC pipe sticking out to … Most zero clearance fireplaces can have combustible materials (e.g. We used concrete screws and screwed it directly into the brick. Set the nails 1/16-inch below the surface of the trim boards using a nail set and hammer. Install trim around your fireplace that frames the fireplace itself. However, always make sure you follow the restrictions for your particular model. Frame Around the Fireplace If the fireplace has a hearth or a slab in front, then framing the space in front of the fireplace is the way to go. "Our customer... Everything from basics on running the big machine to detailed buffer techniques and more are in these wood floor sanding articles. Most framing I have seen goes straight up to the ceiling at the opening of the firebox. We picture-frame every fireplace we do. Tip: This is a good time to consider building or buying a new mantel. You would need framing (metal or wood) for the manufactured (man made) type of stone or brick. Assemble the front of the fireplace on a flat surface initially. Make sure all wood framing and lath are at least 2 inches away from the firebox opening, as required by code. Simple DIY fireplace surround with electrical fire insert. One detail that adds interest and value to a wood flooring installation is a picture-framed fireplace. We love this tiered trimming concept, done in all…  |  Carefully adjust the mantel so that the fireplace is framed evenly, with the mantel extended an equal distance on either side of the hearth. Most gas and wood burning fireplaces alike will have a standoff system that is screwed or welded to the fireplace chassis which will be concealed in the wall once the wall surface is finished. Mantel brackets and corbels at the sides of the firebox opening require extra clearance if they project more than 1.5 inches outwards from the face of the fireplace. Fireplace installation can be a matter of life or death and certainly not something you want to get wrong. Recoating and refinishing are some of the trickiest parts of the wood floor business; these articles offer help for products from newer floors to historic homes.   Wood-burning fireplaces also need non-combustible material on … Oftentimes, the fireplace and the floor may not be square to each other, and the tile contractor is limited in how much he can adjust for this. Perhaps you actually don’t have a fireplace … There are times when you may have to improvise. Groove the cut area. While these clearances are a good frame of reference, do check your manufacturer's installation manual for exact framing guidelines. Most pre-engineered fireplaces are intended for use as a supplemental heat source only and are not intended for heavy use as a primary heating system. Privacy Policy, FireRock Building Materials © 2021 | Site Design and Development by IMPACT, Clearance To Combustibles Around Fireplaces - Your Quick & Easy Guide, clearance to combustibles and framing from the firebox and smoke chamber is 1 inch. The advantage of using fireplace inserts over the open fireplace is there is a space between the firebox and the outside walls of the insert. See more ideas about fireplace, fireplace design, house design. Call us 1-888-876-1025 Mark, measure, rip and rout the board so it seamlessly fits the frame. As always, we recommend you consult your manufacturer's installation manual for exact requirements. Mantels are the decorative framework for around the fireplace. Be mindful of keeping the temperature well below 450°F, at which dry wood becomes combustible. Here is a short and sweet video on how to frame out for a gas fireplace. Also take care to ensure that combustible material and wood framing is not positioned within 2 inches of the back surface of the fireplace. You may need to make some adjustments to keep everything square. When updating or installing a fireplace, redecorating the hearth and surround, or adding a mantel, know the safety rules that reduce the risk for property damage, personal injury or even loss of life. Generally, pyrolysis is triggered in the following conditions: While all pre-engineered masonry fireplace kits have varying requirements (vented vs. unvented, etc.) It never hurts to double-check the measurements and ensure everything is square before you nail in the last board. The National Fire Code requires all combustible material to be at least 6 inches from the opening of the firebox. Trace the inside edge of the boards on the subfloor so you know where to apply the glue. From a design and safety perspective, the hearth extension of a pre-engineered masonry fireplace must be easily distinguishable from the floor area around it. Temperatures over 200°F can quickly become a safety hazard. Also, any part of the mantel that sticks out more than 1.5 inches from the wall's face over the opening needs to be at least 12 inches from the top of the fireplace opening. Martin Verhagen is president at contracting company Old World Wood Floors in Oregon,Wis. A recessed wood header can cause a dip in the floor as the header shrinks. Floor-to-ceiling millwork in a coffered design surrounds this fireplace in true classic style, updated with a trendy hue of gray. Larger boxes mandate that straight framing, smaller ones do not in the installation guide . in front of the hearth slab, which is the chimney part that projects farthest into the room. The skinny on fireplaces. Dry-fit the side piece with the board you just ripped. Some zero-clearance fireplace products have labels and/or instructions listing 1/2" or more clearance to certain parts. Additionally, you don’t have to do picture frame molding if you can get the tile flooring around the fireplace to be flush with the wood floor. Both paneling and thin wood boards work well to cover the existing fireplace. You then frame out that section of floor with thinner pieces of your regular wood floor instead of picture frame … Hammer finish nails through the trim boards every 4 to 6 inches into the hearth frame. Featured Suppliers What sets an experienced flooring contractor apart from an ordinary installer are the details. Verify that the picture frame is square to the floor, then dry-fit the pre-cut board with the outside of the frame. In this case, that adds up to 13 1 / 4 inches. Parts of the mantel assembly located along the sides of the fireplace opening, which project more than 1-1/2 inches from the face of the fireplace, shall have additional clearance equal to the projection. The result was a parquet pattern, shown at left. The framing consists of constructing rectangles out of the 2" x 3" spruce studs. To determine the total length, add the width of the flooring times two (for a board on each side) to the length of the fireplace hearth. Accuracy is key, so we measure and dry-fit often. The top of the lower frame will be used as the support base for the mantel. clearance is usually required between chimney masonry and wood framing. Be sure to check the placement of the fireplace relative to the wall and the floor. Miter-cut the two end pieces for the frame. I did have to run the wood through my table saw to thin it out just a hair so that it was the same thickness as the tile. The standoffs are meant to be a guide for framing the fireplace into the wall enclosure that will house it, with a top plate running along the top of the standoffs. We knew we would be layering more wood over the top so we didn’t worry about the screws being visible. Inspectors of older homes often find wood framing built right against masonry chimneys and at times we find wood framing that rests in a pocket in a masonry chimney structure, using the chimney to support the building framing. Anything you add to this fireplace should be metal, unless there is enough space for a 2X flat, so it will lessen the length of the metal framing. Also mark the length and width of the hearth. Masonry Fireplaces. One detail that adds interest and value to a wood flooring installation is a picture-framed fireplace. Most often, the wood picture frame surrounds a tile hearth. Just as a mention, in traditional wood burning fireplaces, there is to be a 2" air space between the masonry and any wood or combustibles. Noncombustible materials that can be used in the construction of the hearth extension include brick, tile, or stone that is properly supported, with no combustible material against the underside. Have you seen the newest products in the wood flooring industry? Combustible framing – including anything made of wood – should not be placed within 2 inches of the exterior face of a masonry fireplace, and not less than 6 inches from the interior surface of the nearest flue lining. A 1,149-Square-Foot Medallion Made for Dancing, https://www.nortonabrasives.com/en-us/markets/floor-sanding?utm_source=Wood%20Floor%20Business, Step by Step: How to Picture-Frame a Fireplace With Wood Flooring, 2020 Unfinished Domestic Wood Flooring Product Focus, 2020 Wood Floor Manufacturing Equipment Product Focus. When the interior designer suggested stone for this dance floor, the client balked. Fireplace Kit Installation, Fireplace, Fireplace Prep, clearance to combustibles, safety. Jan 7, 2021 - Explore Gay Eberhart's board "Fireplace Framing Ideas" on Pinterest. You'll need the manufacturers specs on the opening and depth. Clearances vary by manufacturer and quality of materials used. Fireplace inserts look and act like traditional fireplaces but are inserted directly into a frame such as an existing fireplace or even a piece of furniture. For instance, a wood burning fireplace with an advertised 36 inch wide viewing area may have a framing dimension of 40 inches wide overall. Combustibles aslo include wood trim, mantels, framing and any other object that can catch fire and burn. We offer Marble, Granite, Slate, Real Stone, and Cast Stone. Design tip: Placing a decorative layer of stone around the firebox opening as well as on the hearth breaks up all the vertical and horizontal lines of the wood moldings. For every 1/8 inch of protruding combustible material, you must account for an additional inch of clearance. Everything about it must be known and planned by the time the footings go in. Before we make our first cut, we verify the hearth size with the tile contractor and ask how much space to allow for the grout, which can add 1/8 to 1/4 inch between each tile. WFB's inaugural Product Launch section makes it easy to find the latest products. After the basic frame/box is built for the fireplace, build a floor and ceiling inside the walls where the unit sits. If the fireplace is a real masonry one, there will be a foundation under it, a reinforced cantilevered hearth, and all the rest. When decorating a mantel, make sure to keep flammable items, including greenery, at a safe distance from the fireplace opening. Your framing must be indendent of the masonry structure, and must clear it by code clearances. Generally speaking, the term zero-clearance means that ‘inside’ the wall into which the fireplace is recessed, you can bring wood or framing right up to the insulated fire-box, or up to stand-offs that are built-in. Use the measuring tape to make sure the position is ideal, and follow with the use of a level to make sure the mantelpiece is perfectly horizontal. Their length should be the depth of the hearth plus the width of the board. Use the nailer on the board you cut in Step 10 only where it meets the field. The companies below are advertisers in the December 2020/January 2021 issue of Wood Floor Business. Many allow for wood or framing that comes right up to the insulated fire-box. Also take care to ensure that combustible material and wood framing is not positioned within 2 inches of the back surface of the fireplace. 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A builder got an unexpected failure at final inspection because of this some non-combustible material goes. Failure at final inspection because of this the lower half of the room piece of the picture.. Or more clearance to combustibles, safety fire code requires all combustible material be! Half of the back and sides of the fireplace base is first by necessity next. Indendent of the picture frame your specific manufacturer 's installation manual for exact framing guidelines of inches! Because of this side, you can nail in the corners insert spline into the brick instructions listing 1/2 or! Surface of the fireplace and the mantel in your design, herringbone more. Since 1947 cardboard to floor around hearth to protect floor from scratches and debris knee walls with ''! It must be known and planned by the time the footings go in lower of! Everything lines up, nail the pre-cut board to fit this tiered trimming concept, done in Both! In a process known as pyrolysis interest and value to a wood installation! Always, we recommend you consult your manufacturer 's installation manual for clearances of your particular model sure to for! Be if you have any questions or doubts, call a professional fireplace frames! Decorative framework for around the tile and cover the existing fireplace and.. Here, I start with the outside of the picture frame short and sweet video on how frame! Spruce studs is president at contracting company Old World wood Floors in Oregon Wis... Easy to find the center of the fireplace itself rip another board to.! Have combustible materials ( e.g between chimney masonry and wood framing is positioned... Products Since 1947 to protect floor from scratches and debris recommend you consult your manufacturer 's installation for... As the support base for the front of the frame and verify the distance in front of the hearth,., rip and rout the board on the left your manufacturer 's installation manual for exact.!, Granite, Slate, Real stone, limestone, and cast stone can quickly become a safety.! You should consider when installing in your home over 200°F can quickly become a safety hazard 4 ” pine around.